Facts of the Akan people, History Food and Religion.
Who are the Akan People?
Akan Tribe, History Food and Religion
The Akan in Ghana is a powerful ancient ethnic tribe of Language and Culture living in the Ghana and Ivory Coast. The Akans have Akan have a multitiered segmentary structure consisting of matrilineal clans.
The Akan language (also known as Twi/Fante) is a group of dialects.
The largest Akan Tribe the Ashanyi’s are ruled by the chief (ohene) in cooperation with a town council. The majority of the Akan live in compact villages that are divided into wards occupied by the matrilineage and subdivided into compounds in the center part og Ghana.
In the individual families, each has their lineage is subject to the authority of a family elder (abusua panyin).
Chiefs and co-reigning queen mothers are chosen from the royal lineage to continue their rule.
The History of the Akans
The Akan have a proud history of vast ancient kingdoms which existed in the past. The Ashanti empire was the largest and most powerful tribe of the Akan whom were wealthy with their enormous goldfields.
Their ancestors of the Akan used to be farmers and hunters as the traditional system that existed.
Food of the Akan Tribe.
a.Yams ( also pronounced “bayerɛ” in twi) is a very popular staple food crop among the Akan.
b.Yam is eaten with cocoyam leaves pronounced “nkontomire” in twi
c.Cocoyam is another popular staple food also reffered to as “mankani”
d.Other delicious food are:
e.Onions pronounced “gyeene” is used to make delicious stew when used in making pepper “mako” or garden egg “nyaadewa” stew.
f. After the Peper is made rice “ɛmo” can be cooked and egg pronounced “kosua (or the plural: nkosua)” and “koobi” salted and dried tilapia
To spice up the Pepper or garden eggs stew ginger “akekaduro” can be used to prepare this dish and small “nkyene” salt is added to spice up the meal
g. Fuf and “adwe ngo” palm kernel oil soup or “nkateɛ” peanut/groundnut soup is a delicious dish also prepared by the Akans.
a.pawpaw is known as “borɔferɛ”
b.palm fruit “abɛ”
c.”kube” is the Akan or twi name for coconut
d.”nkateɛ”is the twi or Akan name for peanut/groundnut
e.”ankaa”is the twi name for orange
f.”paya”is the twi name for pear
In the Akan land, but plantains and taro also are important; cocoa and palm oil are major commercial resources.
Religion: Akan Gods
In the present Christianity may be the dominant religion in Ghana but the Akan have their separate Gods which overlook their well-being and welfare. Akan experience of God from the perspective of the Fante of Cape Coast (Oguaa). There are seventy-seven deities that are recognized and accepted in the Oguaa traditional area.
There are mainly 3 Akan Gods and in language twi a distinct Akan language. Most Akan peoples live in Ghana
As a female God with attributes related to the moon,
Onyame is referred to in the different contexts of the word and is known as some as attributes, such as
a.Amaomee (Giver of Plenitude)
b.Amosu (Giver of Rain) and
c.Amowia (Giver of the Sun)
Onyame is the Akan diety or God
2.Onyankopon, Is a male God by definition and is also known as the Sun God.
There is officially w writing system created in the Akan religion which is referred to as Adrinkra
3.Odomankoma is known as the supreme God or being with the Akan tribe.
The infinite being, Odomankoma who is the eternal entity of the world is believed to be the overall creator and the king of the Gods on earth.
Not male or female, including creating the concept of the trinity—the idea of the union between Onyame and Onyankopon in the Odomankoma.
writing systemThe worship of the Gods were passed down to generations,( notably the story of Osei TUt and the Golden stool) in order to preserve the cultural and spiritual values of the Akan people
Onyame is the Akan diety or God